(a) (1) Upon entry of an order confirming a sale of a parcel, a right to redeem shall vest in all interested persons. The right to redeem shall be exercised within the time period established by this subsection (a) beginning on the date of the entry of the order confirming the sale, but in no event shall the right to redeem be exercised more than one (1) year from that date. The redemption period of each parcel shall be stated in the order confirming the sale based on the following criteria:
(A) Unless the court finds sufficient evidence to order a reduced redemption period pursuant to this section, the redemption period for each parcel shall be one (1) year;
(B) The redemption period shall be determined for each parcel based on the period of delinquency. Once the period of delinquency is established, the redemption period shall be set on the following scale:
(i) If the period of delinquency is five (5) years or less, the redemption period shall be one (1) year from the entry of the order confirming the sale;
(ii) If the period of delinquency is more than five (5) years but less than eight (8) years, the redemption period shall be one hundred eighty (180) days from the entry of the order confirming the sale; or
(iii) If the period of delinquency is eight (8) years or more, the redemption period shall be ninety (90) days from the entry of the order confirming the sale; and
(C) For all property for which a showing is made pursuant to subdivision (a)(2), the redemption period shall be thirty (30) days from the entry of the order confirming the sale without regard to the number of years of delinquent taxes owed on the property, beyond that required to make the property legally eligible for the sale.
(1) A reasonable basis to believe that real property is vacant, or, in the case of vacant land, a reasonable basis to believe that the property is abandoned, shall, at a minimum, be based upon periodic inspections of the property over a two-month period at different times of the day where three (3) or more inspections reveal evidence of abandonment.
(2) As used in this section:
(A) "Evidence of abandonment" includes, but is not limited to, any of the following conditions:
(i) Overgrown or dead vegetation;
(ii) Accumulation of newspapers, circulars, flyers, or mail;
(iii) Past due utility notices, disconnected utilities, or utilities not in use;
(iv) Accumulation of trash, refuse, or other debris;
(v) Absence of window coverings such as curtains, blinds, or shutters;
(vi) One (1) or more boarded, missing, or broken windows;
(vii) The property is open to casual entry or trespass;
(viii) The property has a building or structure that is or appears structurally unsound or has any other condition that presents a potential hazard or danger to the safety of persons; or
(ix) Any of the conditions in subdivisions (a)(3)(A)(i) - (viii) exist and, if there is a mortgage on the property, the mortgagor does not occupy the property and has informed the mortgagee or loan servicing company in writing that the mortgagor does not intend to occupy the property in the future;
(B) "Period of delinquency" means, with respect to a parcel, the longest consecutive number of years the property taxes on that parcel are delinquent and have not been paid to a jurisdiction, and for which years the collection of property taxes for that jurisdiction is being sought in the tax sale;
(C) "Person entitled to redeem" means, with respect to a parcel, any interested person, as defined in this chapter, as of the date of the sale and the date the motion to redeem is filed;
(D) "Vacant and abandoned" with respect to real property:
(a) There is a reasonable basis to believe the property is not occupied as determined in accordance with subdivision (a)(2); or
(b) A court has determined that the property is a risk to the health, safety, or welfare of the public or any adjoining or adjacent property owners, or has otherwise declared the property unfit for occupancy; and
(ii) Does not include:
(a) An unoccupied building that is undergoing construction, renovation, or rehabilitation at the hands of a properly licensed contractor pursuant to a building permit; is proceeding to completion; and is in compliance with all applicable ordinances, codes, regulations, and statutes;
(b) A building occupied on a seasonal basis that is otherwise secure;
(c) A building that is secure, but is the subject of a probate action, action to quiet title, or other similar ownership dispute; provided, that the owners are exercising diligence in pursuit of resolution of the dispute;
(d) A building damaged by a natural disaster and one (1) or more owners intend to repair and reoccupy the property; provided, that the owners are exercising diligence in pursuit of completion of repairs at the property in accordance with subdivision (a)(3)(D)(ii)(a); or
(e) Any property occupied by the owner, a relative of the owner, or a tenant lawfully in possession; provided, that neither subdivision (a)(3)(A)(viii) nor subdivision (a)(3)(D)(i)(b) applies to the property.
(b) In order to redeem a parcel, the person entitled to redeem shall file a motion to such effect in the proceedings in which the parcel was sold. The motion shall describe the parcel, the date of the sale of the parcel, the date of the entry of the order confirming the sale and shall contain specific allegations establishing the right of the person to redeem the parcel. Prior to the filing of the motion to redeem, the movant shall pay to the clerk of the court an amount equal to the total amount of delinquent taxes, penalty, interest, court costs, and interest on the entire purchase price paid by the purchaser of the parcel. The interest shall be at the rate of twelve percent (12%) per annum, which shall begin to accrue on the date the purchaser pays the purchase price to the clerk and continuing until the motion to redeem is filed. If the entire amount owing is not timely paid to the clerk or if the motion to redeem is not timely filed, the redemption shall fail.
(c) Upon the filing of the motion to redeem and the payment of the required amount, the clerk shall within ten (10) days send a notice of the filing of the redemption motion to the purchaser and all persons entitled to redeem the parcel. The notice of redemption shall state the amount paid at the time of the filing of the motion and refer the persons to this section.
(d) The purchaser may within thirty (30) days after the mailing of the notice of redemption, file a response seeking additional funds to be paid by the proposed redeemer to compensate the purchaser for amounts expended by the purchaser for the purposes set out in subsection.
(e) The response shall specifically set out the basis for each category of additional funds claimed. The response may also allege that the motion to redeem was not properly or timely filed. If no response is timely filed, the court shall determine whether the redemption has been properly made, and if so, shall cause an order to be entered requiring the proposed redeemer to pay additional interest at the rate set forth in subsection (b), accruing from the date the motion to redeem was filed until the date of such payment.
(e) Additional sums to be paid by the proposed redeemer at the demand of the purchaser, shall include the following:
(1) Additional ad valorem taxes, penalty, interest and court costs paid by the purchaser secured by a lien against the parcel;
(2) Reasonable payments made by the purchaser for insurance on the parcel and any improvements thereon;
(3) Reasonable cost paid by the purchaser to avoid permissive waste of the parcel;
(4) Reasonable expenses paid by the purchaser as a result of a judicial or administrative order or other official notice requiring the purchaser to immediately bring the property into compliance with applicable building code or zoning regulations;
(5) Reasonable payments by the purchaser for homeowner's association dues or obligations resulting from covenants running with the land which are secured by a lien against the parcel; and
(6) Additional interest at the rate set out in subsection (b), accruing from the date the motion to redeem was filed until the date the purchaser's response was filed. If the court determines that the purchaser has not delayed consideration of the motion to redeem and that any response filed by the purchaser for additional funds was based on a reasonable expectation that the expenditures of the purchaser were reimbursable pursuant to this section, then the court may require the proposed redeemer to also pay additional interest at the same rate, accruing from the date the purchaser's response was filed until the date of such payment.
(f) Any additional funds ordered to be paid by the proposed redeemer under this section shall be paid to the clerk prior to the later of the following dates:
(1) The date of the expiration of the redemption period; or
(2) Thirty (30) days after the entry of the order allowing additional funds.
(g) If the proposed redeemer timely pays the full amount of any additional funds ordered by the court, the court shall declare that the property has been redeemed.
(h) If the proposed redeemer fails to timely pay the full amount of any additional funds ordered by the court, the redemption shall fail and any funds paid by the proposed redeemer shall be refunded to him less the clerk's fee and any other court costs.
(i) In the event a person tenders the full amount owing in the proceeding at a time after the date of sale and prior to the entry of an order confirming the sale, the person shall also pay interest computed as established by subsection (b) on the total purchase price paid by the purchaser.
(j) The court in which the proceedings are pending may order that any proposed redeemer shall also pay to the clerk the amount necessary to record any orders of the court in the office of the register of deeds. Such payment may be required to be paid upon the filing of the motion to redeem or upon determining whether any additional funds are to be allowed.
(k) Upon any order pertaining to redemption becoming final, the clerk shall make such disbursements as are provided in the order.
(l) In the event the court directs the delinquent tax attorney or an attorney ad litem to participate in the redemption portion of the proceedings as an assistance to the court, the court may allow a reasonable attorneys fee to be paid by either the movant or the purchaser as directed by the court.
(m) In the event all parties to the action waive their right to appeal all issues in the cause, the clerk shall immediately disburse all amounts owing.
(n) Upon entry of an order of the court declaring that the redemption is complete, title to the parcel shall be divested out of the purchaser, and the clerk shall promptly refund the purchase money and pay all sums due to the purchaser under this section. The interests of the taxpayer and other interested parties, or their successors in interest, shall be restored to that state which existed as of the date of entry of the order confirming the sale. Any lienholder who redeems the parcel may thereafter proceed to foreclose upon the parcel or otherwise enforce such lien.